Mt Cameroon National Park (58,154 ha) | WWF Cameroon

Mt Cameroon National Park (58,154 ha)



Mt. Cameroon landscape 

The Mount Cameroon landscape supports forests of exceptional scientific, economic and social value, containing a variety of endemic and endangered flora and fauna species, supplying many commercial and subsistence forest products, as well as providing valuable ecosystem services, such as watershed protection.

Mount Cameroon is a biodiversity hotspot and is the most diverse ecosystem in  Cameroon - the  10th  most  conservable  places  in  the  world  (IUCN  1994).  The area harbours the last near isolated and threatened population of the forest elephant in the region.

Vegetation types

The western slope of Mount Cameroon is probably the most diverse and richest area of the mountain, and is the only area in West and Central Africa where there is an unbroken vegetation gradient from evergreen lowland rainforest at sea-level, through montane forest, to montane grassland and alpine grassland near its summit.

This link between ecosystems largely accounts for the biological diversity of the region. Six main vegetation types have been identified on the mountain: Lowland rainforest (0-800m above sea level), Submontane forest (800-1600m asl), Montane forest (1600-1800m asl), Montane scrub (1800-2400m asl), Montane grassland (2000-3000m asl) and Sub-alpine grassland (3000-4100m asl).

Mount Cameroon is also known for its high habitat diversity and exceptional ecological features. It has a wide  range  of  habitats,  including  lowland  evergreen  rainforest,  submontane  forest,  montane  forest, grassland, and recent lava flow communities. Because of the heavy cloud cover and the consequent high humidity that envelop the forest at higher altitudes, the submontane and montane forests are also called “Cloud or Mist Forest”. The cloud forest is very rich in epiphytes and trees are intensively covered with mosses, lichen and vascular epiphytes. 

Key species

The key species are elephants, chimpanzees and drills, with over 330 bird species. There are two endemic species: Mt. Cameroon francolin and the Mt. Cameroon speirops.

partial view of Mt Cameroon from molyko 
	© Janet Mukoko/WWF
partial view of Mt Cameroon from molyko
© Janet Mukoko/WWF
Drill Captured on camera trap in the Mt Cameroon National Park 
	© PSMNTSWR camera trap
Drill Captured on camera trap in the Mt Cameroon National Park
© PSMNTSWR camera trap
Chimpanzees and her young captured on camera trap inside Mt Cameroon National Park 
	© PSMNTSWR camera trap
Chimpanzees and her young captured on camera trap inside Mt Cameroon National Park
© PSMNTSWR camera trap
 
	© cameratrap/PSMNR-SWRMCNP
Elephant in a forest clearing on Mt Cameroon National Park, South West Region, Cameroon
© cameratrap/PSMNR-SWRMCNP